Species List

 

Sites mentioned are as follows:

Fajara Golf Course "A Birdwatchers' Guide to the Gambia" (Rod Ward) page 46 - we didn't stay long here

Kotu Creek (Ward, p39) we crossed the creek on our way from the Golf Course to the Ponds, but didn't stop

Kotu Ponds (Ward, p39) we walked through from the Creek to the Serrekunda Road - didn't stay long

Kotu Bridge - (the lower bridge carrying the Kotu beach road) - crossed twice en route

Casino Cycle Track (Ward, p43) the whole area between Palma Rima Hotel and Kotu Bridge, both sides of the cycle track - we spent two hours or more here

Bijilo (Ward, p29) the Bijilo Forest park is a reserve, ten minutes walk from the Senegambia Hotel, opens at 8am - we spent a morning there.

Brufut Woods (Ward, p37) we walked through a forested area, into open scrub-type habitat, and onto agricultural land.I have called the whole of this area "Brufut Woods" - we spent in the order of two hours there?

Brufut Bridge we rejoined our vehicle here - were there about fifteen minutes?

Brufut Creek the river and mud near Brufut Bridge, we walked past at some distance.

Tanji Beach the area of beach from Tanji village southwards to the next headland (about 1 mile?) - which we drove along in the 4WD

Paradise Beach the area of beach southwards from the above headland, as far as the Osprey bar - which we drove along, stopping a couple of times.

Abuko we covered the part between the entrance and the zoo, spending a whole morning

Lamin Creek the boat ride on "Birds and Breakfast" (about one hour) - tide was low

Lamin Lodge the breakfast venue (there about an hour)

Lamin Fields we took an extensive walk, taking ?two hours

 

Species seen:

 

1.†††††††† Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)

††††††††††† Two at Kotu Ponds

 

2.†††††††† Long-tailed Cormorant (Phalacrocorax africanus)

††††††††††† Single flying at Lamin Creek

3.†††††††† African Darter (Anhinga rufa)

††††††††††† Singles at Abuko and Brufut Bridge

 

4.†††††††† Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus)

††††††††††† Mixed flock (c.20) with 5 flying near Paradise Beach

 

5.†††††††† Pink-backed Pelican (Pelecanus rufescens)

††††††††††† See 4 above

 

6.†††††††† Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

††††††††††† Seen at Crocodile Pond, Abuko

 

7.†††††††† Squacco Heron (Ardeola ralloides)

Seen from Casino Cycle Track, at Abuko and at Lamin Fields

 

8.†††††††† Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)

†††††††††† Abundant, especially near water (or cattle), including Senegambia grounds

 

9.†††††††† Green-backed Heron (Butorides striatus)

††††††††††† Seen from Casino Cycle Track

 

10.†††††† Black Egret (Egretta ardesiaca)

Singles seen from Casino Cycle Track and at Lamin Creek and Fields

 

11.†††††† Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)

††††††††††† Small group seen from Kotu Bridge

 

12. ††††† Western Reef-Egret (Egretta gularis)

††††††††††† Frequent on sea coast.Also seen at Lamin Creek

 

13. ††††† Intermediate Egret (Egretta intermedia)

††††††††††† Two at Lamin Fields

 

14. ††††† Great White Egret (Egretta alba)

One seen from Casino Cycle Track

 

15. ††††† Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea)

††††††††††† Singles at Kotu Ponds, Brufut Creek, Abuko

 

16. ††††† Black-headed Heron (Ardea melancophala)

††††††††††† Seen at Kotu Ponds, Brufut Creek, Abuko, Lamin Creek

 

17.†††††† Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta)

††††††††††† Singles from Casino Cycle Track and at Crocodile Pool, Abuko

 

18. ††††† Sacred Ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus)

††††††††††† Singles from Casino Cycle Track and at Tanji Beach

 

19.†††††† African Spoonbill (Platalea alba)

††††††††††† Pair flying over Lamin Lodge

 

20. ††††† White-faced Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna viduata)

††††††††††† One from Casino Cycle Track, flock (20+) at Kotu Ponds

 

21. ††††† Black-shouldered Kite (Elanus caeruleus)

††††††††††† Singles near Casino Cycle Track, at Lamin Creek and Lamin Fields

 

22. ††††† Black Kite (Milvus migrans migrans)

††††††††††† Senegambia Grounds, Bijilo and Lamin Fields

 

23. ††††† "Yellow-billed" Kite (Milvus migrans parasitus)

††††††††††† Split from above in Rod Ward book. Distinguished by Maas: Senegambia and nr Paradise Beach

 

24.†††††† Palm-nut Vulture (Gypohierax angolensis)

††††††††††† Flying over Senegambia most days, and at Casino Cycle Track

 

25. ††††† Hooded Vulture (Necrosyrtes monachus)

††††††††††† Abundant - visible most of time once sun is up, all locations

 

26.†††††† Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus gallicus)

††††††††††† Single at Lamin Fields

 

27.†††††† African Harrier-Hawk (Ployboroides typus)

††††††††††† Single flying at Abuko

 

28. ††††† Shikra (Accipiter badius)

††††††††††† Seen at Casino Cycle Track and Lamin Fields

 

29. ††††† Lizard Buzzard (Kaupifalco monogrammicus)

††††††††††† Seen at Casino Cycle Track, Bijilo and Brufut Woods

 

30. ††††† Long-crested Eagle (Lophaetus occipitalis)

††††††††††† Single near Paradise Beach

 

31.†††††† Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

††††††††††† Seen two-three times each at at Bijilo, Paradise Beach and Lamin Creek

 

32. ††††† Grey Kestrel (Falco ardosiaceus)

††††††††††† Seen almost daily, at Kotu, Brufut, Abuko and Lamin Fields

 

33.†††††† Red-necked Falcon (Falco chicquera)

††††††††††† Singles Bijilo and Lamin Fields

 

34. ††††† Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus)

††††††††††† Single flying at Abuko

35. ††††† Double-spurred Francolin (Francolinus bicalcaratus)

††††††††††† Single glimpsed in undergrowth near Crocodile Pool, Abuko

 

36. ††††† Black Crake (Amaurornis flavirostris)

Single disappearing into long grass, Crocodile Pool, Abuko

 

37. ††††† African Jacana (Actophilornis africanus)

††††††††††† Single from Casino Cycle Track

 

38. ††††† Eurasian Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus)

††††††††††† Single (!) on Paradise Beach

 

39. ††††† Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)

††††††††††† Up to a dozen adults and juveniles, Kotu Ponds

 

40. ††††† Senegal Thick-knee (Burhinus senegalensis)

††††††††††† Single found over wall of building site, near Casino Cycle Track

 

41. ††††† Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius)

††††††††††† Single on Paradise Beach

 

42.†††††† Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula)

††††††††††† Small parties on Tanji Beach and Lamin Creek mudbank

 

43. ††††† Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)

††††††††††† Small numbers at Kotu Creek

 

44. ††††† Wattled Plover (Vanellus senegallus)

††††††††††† Single at Kotu Creek

 

45. ††††† Black-headed Plover (Vanellus tectus)

††††††††††† Twos and threes on road from Airport, Fajara Golf Course, and Lamin Fields

 

46. ††††† Spur-winged Plover (Vanellus spinosus)

††††††††††† Several singles and pairs, at Casino Cycle Track, Fajara Golf Course, Kotu and Lamin Fields

 

47. ††††† Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa)

††††††††††† Seen on Paradise Beach

 

48.†††††† Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa lapponica)

††††††††††† Smallish numbers at Kotu Creek and Lamin Creek

 

49. ††††† Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus)

††††††††††† Small numbers at Kotu Creek, Brufut Creek, Lamin Creek

 

50. ††††† Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata)

††††††††††† Single at Lamin Creek

 

51. ††††† Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)

††††††††††† Seen from Kotu Bridge and at Brufut Creek

 

52. ††††† Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)

††††††††††† One or two at Kotu Ponds

 

53. ††††† Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos)

††††††††††† Small numbers at Kotu Creek and Lamin Creek

 

54.†††††† Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres)

††††††††††† Seen at Paradise Beach

 

55. ††††† Sanderling (Calidris alba)

††††††††††† Party of about a dozen chasing the waves in and out on the beach near Tanji

 

56. ††††† Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)

††††††††††† Singe on mudbank at Lamin Creek

 

57.†††††† Ruff (Philoamchus pugnax)

††††††††††† Several at Kotu Ponds

 

58. ††††† Grey-headed Gull (Larus cirrocephalus)

††††††††††† Abundant, especially on coast.Large roosts at Kotu Creek and Paradise Beach

 

59. ††††† Caspian Tern (Sterna caspia)

††††††††††† Seen in mixed tern gull/roost on Paradise Beach.Seen/identified by others at Senegambia.

 

60. ††††† Royal Tern (Sterna maxima)

Seen in mixed tern gull/roost on Paradise Beach.Seen/identified by others at Senegambia.

 

61. ††††† Lesser-crested Tern (Sterna bengalensis)

††††††††††† Seen in mixed tern gull/roost on Paradise Beach.

 

62.†††††† Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicensis)

††††††††††† Seen daily over the sea and also in Lamin Creek

63.†††††† Speckled Pigeon (Columba guinea)

††††††††††† Common in Senegambia grounds

64. ††††† Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis)

††††††††††† Very abundant in Senegambia grounds, common at most locations

65. ††††† African Mourning Dove (Streptopelia decipiens)

††††††††††† Seen on Casino Cycle Track and at Lamin Fields

 

66.†††††† Vinaceous Dove (Streptopelia vinacea)

††††††††††† Abundant in Senegambia grounds.Heard constantly at all locations, and sometimes seen

 

67. ††††† Red-eyed Dove (Streptopelia semitorquata)

††††††††††† Common to abundant in Senegambia grounds.Heard frequently at many locations, sometimes seen

 

68. ††††† Black-billed Wood Dove (Turtur abyssinicus)

††††††††††† Seen at Bijilo and Lamin Fields†††††

 

69. ††††† Blue-spotted (Red-billed) Wood Dove (Turtur afer)

††††††††††† Seen at Bijilo, Brufut Woods and Abuko

 

70. ††††† Namaqua Dove (Oena capensis)

††††††††††† Seen near Paradise Beach and at Lamin Fields

 

71.†††††† African Green Pigeon (Treron calva)

††††††††††† Small flock feeding in a fruit tree off the Brufut-Tanji road - well camouflaged!

 

72.†††††† Senegal Parrot (Poicephalus senegalus)

††††††††††† Seen in flight over Senegambia grounds (where they are nesting), Fajara Golf Course, Lamin Fields

 

73. ††††† Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri)

††††††††††† Singles at Casino Cycle Track and Lamin Fields

 

74. ††††† Guinea Turaco (Turaco persa)

††††††††††† One eventually located in tree at Abuko.(Both turacos heard there)

 

75. ††††† Western Grey Plantain-eater (Crinifer piscator)

††††††††††† Seen and heard daily at most locations, including Senegambia (where they are nesting, apparently)

 

76. ††††† Klaas's Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx klaas)

††††††††††† Single found in tree at Bijilo

 

77. ††††† Senegal Coucal (Centropus senegalensis)

††††††††††† Common to abundant in Senegambia grounds.A few singles at Bijilo and Brufut Woods

 

78. ††††† White-faced Scops owl (Otus leucotis)

††††††††††† One roosting found by guides at Lamin Fields.

 

79.†††††† Verreaux's Eagle Owl (Bubo lacteus)

††††††††††† Adult at nest, chick in nest, near Crocodile Pool, Abuko

 

80.†††††† Pearl-spotted Owlet (Glaucidium perlatum)

††††††††††† One roosting found by guide at Casino Cycle Track

 

81. ††††† African Palm Swift (Cypsiurus parvus)

††††††††††† Small numbers overhead most days at Senegambia, also at Casino Cycle Track

 

82. ††††† Little Swift (Apus affinis)

††††††††††† Few overhead at Kotu Ponds

 

83. ††††† Blue-breasted Kingfisher (Halcyon leucocephala)

††††††††††† Single close to photo-hide, Crocodile Pool, Abuko

 

84. ††††† Giant Kingfisher (Megaceryle maxima)

††††††††††† Single close to Education Centre, Abuko

 

85. ††††† Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis)

††††††††††† Singles noted at Kotu (beach), Casino Cycle Track and Lamin Creek (I'm sure we saw others)

 

86. ††††† Little Bee-eater (Merops pusillus)

††††††††††† Singles or groups of 2-3 at Kotu Creek, Bijilo and Lamoin Fields

†††††††††††

87. ††††† White-throated Bee-eater (Merops albicolis)

††††††††††† Three in a tree outside entrance to Bijilo Forest Park

 

88. ††††† Rufous-crowned Roller (Coracias naevia)

††††††††††† Single in a tree at Lamin Fields

 

89. ††††† Blue-bellied Roller (Coracias cyanogaster)

††††††††††† One seen near Brufut Bridge

 

90. ††††† Green Woodhoopoe (Phoeniculus purpureus)

††††††††††† Singles or pairs seen daily at most locations (except Senegambia!)

 

91. ††††† Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus)

††††††††††† Common at Senegambia and singles seen several times daily at most locations

 

92. ††††† African Pied Hornbill (Tockus fasciatus)

††††††††††† Singles seen at Brufut Woods and Abuko

 

93. ††††† African Grey Hornbill (Tockus nasutus)

††††††††††† Singles seen daily at most locations

 

94.†††††† Vieillotís Barbet (Lybius vieilloti)

††††††††††† One seen near Paradise Beach

 

95.†††††† Bearded Barbet (Lybius dubius)

††††††††††† Singles (and one pair) seen at Casino Cycle Track, Brufut Bridge and Abuko

 

96.†††††† Grey Woodpecker (Dendropicos goertae)

††††††††††† Singles seen at Casino Cycle Track and Lamin Fields

 

97.†††††† Fanti Saw-wing (Psalidoprocne obscura)

††††††††††† One seen at Abuko

 

98.†††††† Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii)

††††††††††† Small group at Kotu

 

99.†††††† Red-chested Swallow (Hirundo lucida)

††††††††††† Small numbers at Casino Cycle Track and Lamin Creek

 

100.††† Grey Wagtail

††††††††††† Single seen at Brufut Woods

 

101.††† Little Greenbul (Andropadus virens)

††††††††††† Single found in undergrowth at Abuko

 

102.††† Common Bulbul (Pycnonotus barbatus)

††††††††††† Common to abundant in Senegambia grounds, seen daily at most locations, heard even more often

 

103.††† African Thrush (Turdus pelios)

††††††††††† Abundant in Senegambia grounds,singles seen in all forest locations

 

104.††† Snowy-crowned Robin-chat (Cossypha niveicapilla)

††††††††††† Single found in undergrowth at Abuko.Single seen by others at Senegambia

 

105.††† White-crowned Robin-chat (Cossypha albicapilla)

††††††††††† Common in Senegambia grounds.

 

106.††† Melodious Warbler (Hippolais polyglotta)

††††††††††† Single seen near Paradise Beach

 

107.††† Green-backed Eremomela (Eremomela pusilla)

††††††††††† Single seen flying at Lamin Fields

 

108.††† Northern Crombec (Sylvietta brachyura)

††††††††††† Single pished from bushes at Bijilo

 

109.††† Willow Warbler

††††††††††† Single in tree at Lamin Fields

 

110.††† Subalpine Warbler (Sylvia cantillans)

††††††††††† Singles seen at Casino Cycle Track and Lamin Lodge

 

111.††† Tawny-flanked Prinia (Prinia subflava)

††††††††††† Singles seen at Casino Cycle Track and pished at Bijilo

 

112.††† Grey-backed Camaroptera (Camaroptera brachyura)

††††††††††† Single seen at Bijilo

 

113.††† Northern Black-Flycatcher (Melaenornis edolioides)

††††††††††† Pair seen most days in Senegambia grounds.Also seen at Bijilo

 

114.††† Common (Brown-throated) Wattle-eye (Platysteira cyanea)

††††††††††† Single called from bushes at Abuko

 

115.††† Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone rufiventer)

††††††††††† Several singles seen at Abuko

 

116.††† Brown Babbler (Turdoides plebejus)

††††††††††† Common to abundant in Senegambia grounds. Also seen Casino Cycle Track, heard in forests

 

117.††† Blackcap Babbler (Turdoides reinwardii)

††††††††††† Common in Senegambia grounds.Also seen Casino Cycle Track and Bijilo.

 

118.††† Scarlet-chested Sunbird (Nectarinia senegalensis)

††††††††††† Pair seen at Abuko

 

119.††† Variable Sunbird (Nectarinia venusta)

†††††††††† Seen at Casino Cycle Track and Brufut Woods

 

120.††† Splendid Sunbird (Nectarinia coccinigaster)

††††††††††† Seen at Casino Cycle Track

 

121.††† Beautiful Sunbird (Nectarinia pulchella)

††††††††††† Frequent in Senegambia grounds.Seen almost daily at other locations.

 

122.††† Yellow-billed Shrike (Corvinella corvina)

††††††††††† Single seen several times in Senegambia grounds, plus single at Brufut Woods.

 

123.††† Yellow-crowned Gonolek (Laniarius barbarus)

††††††††††† Pairs abundant in Senegambia grounds.Also seen at Bijilo and heard in other forests

 

124.††† White-crested Helmet Shrike (Prionops plumatus)

††††††††††† A good look through the scope at one single in a tree at Abuko

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

125.††† Fork-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus adsimilis)

††††††††††† One seen at Lamin Fields

 

126.††† Piapiac (Ptilostomus afer)

†††††††††† Singles seen at Casino Cycle Track, Bijilo and Lamin Fields

 

127.††† Pied Crow (Corvus albus)

††††††††††† Abundant at all locations (first seen from aircraft!) Rarely out of view for long

 

128.††† Greater Blue-eared Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis chalybaeus)

††††††††††† Small parties of 2-3 seen most days in Senegambia grounds (but not elsewhere)

 

129.††† Lesser Blue-eared Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis chloropterus)

Single seen at Casino Cycle Track

 

130.††† Long-tailed Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis caudatus)

Parties of 2-3 seen most days in Senegambia grounds.Also on Brufut-Tanji road and at Lamin Fields

 

131.††† House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

††††††††††† Frequent (seen most days) in Senegambia grounds

 

132.††† Grey-headed Sparrow (Passer griseus)

††††††††††† Abundant singles, occasional small numbers, in Senegambia grounds

 

133.††† White-billed Buffalo Weaver (Bubalornis albirostris)

††††††††††† Party seen on Casino Cycle Track (communal nests visible nearby)

 

134.††† Black-necked Weaver (Ploceus nigricollis)

††††††††††† Singles in trees outside Bijilo entrance and at Abuko

 

135.††† Village Weaver (Ploceus cucullatus)

††††††††††† Abundant at Senegambia (filmed weaving nest) and elsewhere, especially fairly open country

 

136.††† Black-headed Weaver (Ploceus melanocephalus)

††††††††††† Single seen at Brufut Woods

 

137.††† Northern Red Bishop (Euplectes franciscanus)

††††††††††† Singles (non breeding plumage) seen at Brufut Woods and Lamin Fields

 

138.††† Red-billed Firefinch (Lagonosticta senegala)

††††††††††† Abundant in pairs and small flocks in Senegambia grounds. Also seen daily at most (dry) locations

 

139.††† Lavender Waxbill (Estrilda caerulescens)

††††††††††† Singles/pairs common on ground at Senegambia

 

140.††† Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu (Uraeginthus bengalus)

††††††††††† Abundant in two's and three's on ground at Senegambia.Also seen at Brufut Woods

 

141.††† African Silverbill (Lonchura cantans)

††††††††††† Single seen in flight near Casino Cycle Track

 

142.††† Bronze Mannikin (Lonchura cucullata)

††††††††††† Abundant flocks on ground or in bushes in Senegambia grounds.Also seen Brufut Woods and Abuko